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DOI: 10.1111/b.9780470656327.2014.x


Ipswich. Archaeological excavation in Ipswich since 1974 has confirmed that the town was founded in the early seventh century to serve as the major commodity production centre and international trading port of the kingdom of * East Anglia . The earliest settlement, of the late sixth or early seventh century, is associated with handmade local * pottery , and imported wares paralleled in the Merovingian * cemeteries of * Flanders and Holland. It was a de novo settlement on unoccupied heathland at the head of the Orwell Estuary, just 9 miles south-west of the East Anglian royal cemetery at * Sutton Hoo . Seventh- to early eighth-century occupation appears to be restricted to twenty hectares on the north bank of the river with a major inhumation cemetery of this date to the immediate north, and evidence of a * field system to the east. From the mid-eighth century the settlement grew to cover about fifty hectares both north and south of the river. Commodity production included spinning, weaving, * bone /antler working, bronze and iron working and * leather working. These craft industries were overshadowed by the mass production of Ipswich ware pottery located in the north-east sector of the settlement. The scale of production is evidenced by the distribution of the product. Ipswich ware is found on all settlements of Middle Saxon date throughout the kingdom of East Anglia and beyond ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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