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ISRAEL THE GRAMMARIAN

MICHAEL LAPIDGE


Subject History

DOI: 10.1111/b.9780470656327.2014.x


Extract

Israel the Grammarian, a scholar of Breton origin who spent some time at the court of King Æthelstan (924–39), probably as a refugee from political turmoil in Brittany; he subsequently returned to the Continent where he served (from c .940 onwards) as tutor to Bruno, later archbishop of Cologne (953–65), and ended his life as a monk in the monastery of St Maximin in Trier. Israel was an accomplished grammarian and poet, and one of the few scholars of this time to have first-hand knowledge of Greek. His presence in England is recorded in a brief text known as the Alea euangelii (‘Gospel Dice’), and is reflected in various texts which passed through his hands (such as the Greek prayers copied in the last folios of the * Æthelstan Psalter) or which were composed by him (such as, probably, the immensely difficult poems Rubisca and Adelphus adelphe ) and transmitted in English manuscripts (such as the poem De arte metrica , which was dedicated to Archbishop Robert of Trier). MGH, PLAC v.501–2; C. Jeudy, ‘Israël le grammairien et la tradition manuscrite du commentaire de Remi d'Auxerre à l’ Ars minor de Donat’, SM 3rd ser. 18 (1977), 751–71; E. Jeauneau, ‘Pour le dossier d'Israel Scot’, Archives d'histoire doctrinale et littéraire du moyen âge 52 (1985), 7–71; M. Lapidge, ‘Israel the Grammarian in Anglo-Saxon England’, in From Athens to Chartres: Neoplatonism and Medieval ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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