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Appendix II: Archbishops and Bishops, 597–1066

Simon Keynes

Subject History

DOI: 10.1111/b.9780470656327.2014.00027.x


In his letter addressed to the missionary St * Augustine in 601 ( HE i.29), Pope * Gregory the Great gave instructions for the ordination of twelve bishops in various (unnamed) places, who were to be subject to the bishop of * London ; in addition, Augustine was to send a bishop to * York , who was also to consecrate twelve bishops, forming a separate province. It comes as no surprise that matters did not turn out quite as Gregory intended. The organisation of the information contained in this appendix reflects the way in which structural arrangements for the nascent church of the English peoples took shape from 597 onwards, initially within the context of the separate and interlocking histories of the several kingdoms of the ‘Heptarchy’, though also within the wider context of ‘Britain’, and latterly within the contexts of the kingdom ‘of the Anglo-Saxons’ and the kingdom ‘of the English’ (see Appendix I ). Much must have depended at the same time on deliberations at church councils and royal assemblies, and on the actions of successive archbishops of * Canterbury , including * Theodore (668–90), * Wulfred (805–32), * Plegmund (890–923), * Oda (941–58), and others. The first historian who tried to reduce the subject to order was * Bede himself, writing c .730 at Jarrow in * Northumbria , using information supplied to him from Canterbury and elsewhere. The story had begun ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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