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Note on Maps 9–12

Subject History

DOI: 10.1111/b.9780470656327.2014.00028.x


The unfolding course of political development from the early seventh century to the second half of the eleventh, reduced to its essentials in Appendix I , is represented further below in four maps (pp. 569–72). The details of archiepiscopal and episcopal succession in the period 597–1066, summarised in Appendix II , form an integral part of the same story. The ‘Jutish’ kingdom of * Kent , the ‘Saxon’ kingdoms of * Essex , * Sussex , and * Wessex , and the ‘Anglian’ kingdoms of * East Anglia , * Mercia , and * Northumbria , are visible from c.600, and came in retrospect to be regarded as a * heptarchy ; needless to say, the reality was more complicated, perhaps especially in the midlands. Surviving elements of the indigenous population must also be taken into account. During the period c.675–c.725, the kingdoms were in some form of equilibrium; and by the end of the seventh century most of the people were (nominally) Christian. Major rivers, such as the Humber, the Trent, the Severn, the Avon, and the Thames, were of importance, as was the Icknield Way, and the network of Roman * roads , including * Watling Street . The heart of the kingdom of Mercia lay in the upper Trent valley, and the origins of the so-called Mercian ‘supremacy’ lay deep in the seventh century. The Mercians achieved their greatest degree of power during the reigns of * Æthelbald (716–57), * Offa (757–96), ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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