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Subject Religion

DOI: 10.1111/b.9780631181392.1995.x


[ xxiv ] A secret society devoted to anti-priestly and democratic ideals, founded in 1776 at Ingolstadt, Bavaria, by Adam Weishaupt (1748–1830). Initiates were trained in materialist philosophy under the guidance of the Areopagus (inner directorate). Having established the organization in Bavaria, Weishaupt decided in 1779 to infiltrate continental F reemasonry , both to recruit new members and to make use of the secrecy and discipline of Masonic lodges (particularly the defined grades of illumination) within his quasi-masonic association. Here the order spread rapidly until 1784, when internal quarrels led to publicity and it was suppressed by the Bavarian and other governments. [26: v ] ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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