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Subject Religion

Key-Topics faith

DOI: 10.1111/b.9780631181392.1995.x


[ xix ] ‘Faith’ in I slam , connected also with mu'min (‘believer’). Most Islamic theologians agreed that faith involved the three elements of intention or conviction ( niyya ), external profession ( qaul ) and performance of works ( ‘amal ), but differed on their relative proportions and/or importance. One school, the Ash'aris ( see K alam ), laid greatest stress on conviction in the heart. Degrees of faith were recognized, with emphasis on essential articles of faith (as opposed to those without which a person does not necessarily cease to be a Muslim). All authorities agree that faith is required for salvation. ( See also ‘A qida , D in , S hahada ) [20 ‘Faith (Islam)’; 38 s.v. ; 48: 47–8; 140: 111] ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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