Full Text

Temple (Jerusalem)

Subject Religion

Place Middle and Near East » Israel

Key-Topics temples

DOI: 10.1111/b.9780631181392.1995.x


[ xiii.a, xxii ] (Hebrew, Bet Ha-Mikdash ) The first Israelite temple in Jerusalem was built by Solomon ( c. 950 bce ). Phoenician architects constructed it on a common Near Eastern plan: from east to west one proceeded through the courtyard, vestibule and nave (‘holy place’) to the inner sanctuary (‘holy of holies’) where stood the ark, the symbol of Yahweh's presence ( see G od ). In 587 bce it was destroyed by the Babylonians. The site lay derelict for 70 years, until a new temple (Zerubbabel's), of modest proportions, was built by permission of the Persian king ( see B iblical history ). This temple was profaned by Antiochus IV (167 bce ); its rededication under Judas Maccabeus three years later is celebrated in the minor festival of Hannukah. Under Herod (from 19 bce ) it was greatly enlarged and beautified. In its outer court J esus taught when he visited Jerusalem. It was destroyed by the Romans in 70 ce [ xiii.a 11: vi , 350–69; 22: ii , 237–313; xxii 14 vol. 15: 942]. Traditional Jews believe that a third temple will be built in the age of the M essiah. [ xxii 63: 535] ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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