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Subject Religion

DOI: 10.1111/b.9780631181392.1995.x


[ xiii.c ] The theological school which basically follows the teaching developed by Thomas Aquinas ( c. 1225–74) and which has, until recently, enjoyed officially a dominant position in Roman Catholic theological instruction ( see R oman catholicism ). Aquinas was a Dominican philosopher and theologian, whose many works culminated in the Summa contra Gentiles (a missionary textbook in which he defends N atural theology ) and the unfinished Summa theologica. In these he used the recently rediscovered works of Aristotle to produce a systematic presentation of Christian theology. According to Aquinas, certain truths about the existence and nature of G od can be determined by natural reason although they are also normatively revealed ( see A rguments for the existence of god ). Other truths, however, lie beyond reason's competence (although they are not contrary to it) and are knowable only through revelation. The influence of Aristotle is particularly seen in Aquinas’ treatment of the attributes of God. His doctrines of God as unmoved, impassible and simple may follow from Aristotelian principles but lie uneasily with Christian views of God as a loving agent. [5: 12] ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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