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Subject Religion

DOI: 10.1111/b.9780631181392.1995.x


[ xix ] A puritanical Islamic reform movement begun in Arabia by Muhammad b. ‘Abd al-Wahhab (1703–92), reviving the conservative Hanbali tradition ( see F iqh ) and aiming at the eradication of idolatrous accretions in popular religion like saint-worship ( see W ali ). It became the driving force behind the military expansionism of the Saudi family, spreading over most of the Arabian peninsula by the early 20th century, and also securing a certain influence in Indian Islam. It remains today the official ideology of the Saudi Arabian kingdom. [8: xiv ; 20 s.v. ; 37 ‘Wahhābāiya’; 78: xi ] ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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