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Subject Ancient Near East Religions » Egyptology

DOI: 10.1111/b.9780631181392.1995.x


[ vi ] Egyptian hieroglyphs (consisting of phonograms and ideograms) first appear c. 3100 bce , apparently already fully developed as a writing system. This system was used for more than 3,000 years throughout Egypt and her empire, particularly for inscriptions on tombs, T emples and religious objects. Two cursive scripts were derived from hieroglyphs: hieratic, used by the priests in compiling religious books, and also for literary and business texts; and demotic, evolved from hieratic from c. 700 bce , and used in the GraecoRoman period for ordinary, nonreligious writing requirements. The earliest body of religious writings was the Pyramid texts (Old Kingdom, c. 2500 bce ) ( see F unerary practices [10]). ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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