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Subject Religion

DOI: 10.1111/b.9780631181392.1995.x


[ xi ] Chinese Buddhist pilgrim to India, translator and philosopher, the model for Tripitaka in the Monkey stories. Hsuan-tsang visited India in the 7th century and has left an important account. He studied at the great monastic university of Nalanda and his description has played a significant role in archaeological research. Hsuantsang also knew the great king Harsha. On his return to China Hsuantsang translated many texts from Sanskrit and established the Fa Hsiang Tsung school of Chinese Y ogacara. He was associated with the cult of M aitreya , and vowed to be reborn in Tushita with Maitreya. Other famous monk-pilgrims were F a-hsien (5th century) and I-tsing (7th century). [11: 234–40] ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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