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Hsun Tzu

Subject Religion

DOI: 10.1111/b.9780631181392.1995.x


[ xii ] (300–230 bce ) A naturalistic and rationalistic Confucian philosopher ( see C onfucius ) who argued that human nature is basically evil and that goodness must be produced by moral training and, if necessary, formal constraints. He interpreted heaven (T 'ien ) in purely naturalistic terms as the process of natural laws. He was sceptical about the existence of ghosts ( kuei ) and spirits ( shen ), but defended the F uneral rites and the A ncestor cult in terms of their benefits for the living. [7: vi , 115–35; 26; 34: xii , 279–311; 111; 38: iii , 235–67] ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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