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Hua Yen

Subject Religion

DOI: 10.1111/b.9780631181392.1995.x


[ xii ] A scholastic and eclectic school of C hinese buddhism founded by Fa Tsang (643–712 ce ) and based on the Avatamsaka-Sutra (Hua Yen Ching). In an attempt to elucidate the essential teachings of Hua Yen to the Empress Wu, Fa Tsang composed his Treatise on the Golden Lion , which remains one of the clearest expositions of Hua Yen teachings. Fa Tsang accepted the basic S an lun (S hunyatavada or M adhyamika ) teaching on the E mptiness and consequent non-differentiation of D harmas and developed this into a doctrine of the mutual implication of dharmas , in which the coming into existence of any one dharma implies the simultaneous existence of all others. There are clear similarities between Hua Yen and the earlier T 'ien tai teachings, the differences being largely matters of emphasis. Like the T'ien Tai school, Hua Yen classified Buddhist teachings according to their nature and the capacity of the B uddha's audience. The ‘five doctrines’ are also described in the Treatise on the Golden Lion. ( see Kegon in N anto rokushu. ) [7: xxv , 406–24; 12; 15: xi , 313–20; 18; 24: xiii , 328–33; 35: viii , 339–59] ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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