Full Text

criterion, canon

bruce hunter

Subject Philosophy » Epistemology

DOI: 10.1111/b.9780631192589.1993.x


Except for alleged cases of self-evident truths, it is often thought that anything that is known must satisfy certain criteria or standards (Sextus Empiricus, 1933 ). These criteria are general principles specifying the sorts of considerations that will make a proposition evident or just make accepting it warranted to some degree. Common suggestions for this role include: if one clearly and distinctly conceives a proposition p , e.g. that 2 + 2 = 4, p is evident: or, if p coheres with the bulk of one's beliefs, p is warranted. These might be criteria whereby putative self-evident truths, e.g. that one clearly and distinctly conceives p , ‘transmit’ the status as evident they already have without criteria to other propositions like p , or they might be criteria whereby purely non-epistemic considerations, e.g. facts about logical connections or about conception that need not be already evident or warranted, originally ‘create’ p's epistemic status. If that in turn can be ‘transmitted’ to other propositions, e.g. by deduction or induction, there will be criteria specifying when it is. See also criteria and knowledge ; sextus empiricus . : Theory of Knowledge 3rd edn ( Englewood Cliffs : Prentice-Hall , 1989 ), 6–7. 61–74 . : ‘ Foundationalism, epistemic principles, and the Cartesian circle’ , Philosophical Review 88 ( 1979 ), 55 – 91 . : ‘ Non-inductive evidence: ... log in or subscribe to read full text

Log In

You are not currently logged-in to Blackwell Reference Online

If your institution has a subscription, you can log in here:


     Forgotten your password?

Find out how to subscribe.

Your library does not have access to this title. Please contact your librarian to arrange access.

[ access key 0 : accessibility information including access key list ] [ access key 1 : home page ] [ access key 2 : skip navigation ] [ access key 6 : help ] [ access key 9 : contact us ] [ access key 0 : accessibility statement ]

Blackwell Publishing Home Page

Blackwell Reference Online ® is a Blackwell Publishing Inc. registered trademark
Technology partner: Semantico Ltd.

Blackwell Publishing and its licensors hold the copyright in all material held in Blackwell Reference Online. No material may be resold or published elsewhere without Blackwell Publishing's written consent, save as authorised by a licence with Blackwell Publishing or to the extent required by the applicable law.

Back to Top