Full Text

historical Jesus, quest of

RICHARD FRANCE


Subject Religion

DOI: 10.1111/b.9780631198963.2005.x


Extract

Precritical study of the Gospels assumed that they presented a straightforwardly ‘historical’ account of the life and teaching of Jesus. With the rise of critical study of the New Testament in the eighteenth century, this assumption was challenged. The resultant historical-critical approach to the Gospel records has come to be known as the ‘Quest of the Historical Jesus’, the phrase used as the title of the English translation of Albert Schweitzer's classic account of the earlier phase of this movement ([1906] 1910). Since Schweitzer's study (which was almost exclusively restricted to German scholarship) it has been usual to trace the beginnings of ‘the quest’ to a work originally published anonymously (and posthumously) under the auspices of G.E. Lessing in 1778 as the last of seven Fragmente eines Ungenannten , generally known as the ‘Wolfenbiittel Fragments’; the work was entitled ‘On the Purpose of Jesus and his Disciples’ and was later revealed to have been the work of Hermann Samuel Reimarus, a teacher of oriental languages at Hamburg, who had devoted much of his life to promoting a ‘rational religion’ largely based on English deism (see Reimarus, [1778] 1971 ). For Reimarus Jesus was a Jewish messianic leader whose ambition was nationalistic rather than religious, and who had no thought of starting a new religion. Christianity derived not from Jesus but from the determination ... log in or subscribe to read full text

Log In

You are not currently logged-in to Blackwell Reference Online

If your institution has a subscription, you can log in here:

 

     Forgotten your password?

Find out how to subscribe.

Your library does not have access to this title. Please contact your librarian to arrange access.


[ access key 0 : accessibility information including access key list ] [ access key 1 : home page ] [ access key 2 : skip navigation ] [ access key 6 : help ] [ access key 9 : contact us ] [ access key 0 : accessibility statement ]

Blackwell Publishing Home Page

Blackwell Reference Online ® is a Blackwell Publishing Inc. registered trademark
Technology partner: Semantico Ltd.

Blackwell Publishing and its licensors hold the copyright in all material held in Blackwell Reference Online. No material may be resold or published elsewhere without Blackwell Publishing's written consent, save as authorised by a licence with Blackwell Publishing or to the extent required by the applicable law.

Back to Top