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Heidegger, Martin (1889–1976)


Subject Religion

DOI: 10.1111/b.9780631198963.2005.x


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German existentialist philosopher. From a peasant background, he studied for a period at a Jesuit seminary before going to Freiburg. There he went on to teach, and came under the influence of Edmund Husserl, whom he later succeeded (in 1929), after a period as associate professor at Marburg. He resigned his post at Freiburg in 1951. His major work, Being and Time (1927, trans. 1962) was an innovative attempt to apply hermeneutic phenomenology to a study of the nature of Being. He rejects the subjectivism of Husserl's transcendental phenomenology, which he sees as ‘worldliness’, evolving instead the philosophical concept of the essence of man as Being-in-the-world, the formulation of which is a necessary preparation in the understanding of Being ( Dasein , literally, ‘thereness’) itself. A leading exponent of E xistentialism and a major figure in twentieth-century philosophy, he influenced the work of Sartre and many theologians, especially R. Bultmann, P. Tillich – with whom he taught at Marburg – K. Barth and J. Macquarrie. They adopt as well as take issue with many of his existential categories, emphasizing the existential ‘moment’ when man responds to God by choosing ‘authentic’ existence. 1957 : Martin Heidegger . London and New Haven, Conn . 1964 : Heidegger's Philosophy: A Guide to his Basic Thought . Oxford . 1973 : An Existential Theology: A Comparison of Heidegger ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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