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Gutiérrez, Gustavo(b. 1928)

Subject Religion

DOI: 10.1111/b.9780631198963.2005.x


Peruvian Roman Catholic theologian, a leading exponent of L iberation theology . He was born and educated in Lima, and studied later at Louvain, Lyons and Rome. Ordained in 1959, he moved to Rimac, a slum area of Lima, where he continues to reside whilst working as a professor of theology at the Catholic University in Lima. During the 1960s he became increasingly aware of the gap between the theoretical nature of his training and the experience of violence, poverty and oppression of those among whom he lived. This situation became his starting point for the development of a theology emphasizing political and social as well as spiritual liberation: for him theology must be a response to the human condition, not a precondition of faith. In his earlier thought (as in the seminal A Theology of Liberation , 1971, trans. 1973) he evolved a philosophical/historical analysis of poverty, emphasizing Christ as liberator from oppressive conditions. Whereas in this phase the emphasis is on Exodus, his later thought (as in We Drink from our Own Wells , 1983, trans. 1984) shifts to the experience of captivity, and the unmerited and abundant grace of God who chooses to be present in suffering. Other works include The Power of the Poor in History (1979, trans. 1983) and On Job (trans. 1987). 1980 : Gustavo Gutiérrez . John Knox . 1990 : Gustavo Gutiérrez: An Introduction to Liberation ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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