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Arnold, Matthew


Subject Literature

DOI: 10.1111/b.9780631207535.1997.x


(1822–88) British poet, educationalist, literary and cultural critic. The founder of the modern L iberal humanist tradition in British and American literary studies. In Culture and Anarchy (1869) and other works he campaigned in gracefully ironic fashion against insular utilitarian philistinism, under the slogans of “C ulture ” (that is, balanced self-perfection) and “criticism” (that is, disinterested pursuit of the best ideas), also predicting that dogmatic religion would be replaced with poetry as the bonding agent of modern society. His suspicion of democracy and individualism, and his extension of L iterary criticism into general cultural and social criticism later influenced E liot , R ichards , L eavis , and T rilling . See also H umanism ; M oral criticism . 1982 : The Cultural Theory of Matthew Arnold . 1988 : Arnold . ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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