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Benveniste, Emile

MICHAEL PAYNE


Subject Literature

DOI: 10.1111/b.9780631207535.1997.x


Extract

(1902–76) French linguist. Benveniste is best known for his creative combination of historical linguistics with S tructuralism , which extended linguistics into C ultural THEORY. His best-known works are Problems of General Linguistics (1966) and Indo-European Language and Society (1969). One of his most influential arguments is his qualified disagreement with Ferdinand de S aussure's principle that the nature of the linguistic S ign is arbitrary. By focusing much of his attention on the speaker of language, Benveniste resisted the tendency in linguistics to treat language as simply a formal SYSTEM. In this respect, his work had a significant impact on Julia KRISTEVA'S S emiotics and her efforts to close the gap between linguistics and P sychoanalysis . 1966 ( 1971 ): Problems of General Linguistics . 1969 ( 1973 ): Indo-European Language and Society. Kristeva, Julia 1974a (1984): Revolution in Poetic Language . ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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