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Bernstein, Leonard


Subject Literature

DOI: 10.1111/b.9780631207535.1997.x


(1918–90) Musician, born in Lawrence, Massachusetts. One of the first US-born musicians to gain international esteem and reputation, essentially by means of his conducting. At the age of 40 he became the youngest music director hired by the New York Philharmonic Orchestra. Throughout his life he was guest conducter to the major orchestras of the world and recorded hundreds of performances, especially with the Vienna, Israel, and New York Philharmonics. His talents and creative endeavors were extensive in other areas as well, including the composition of symphonic music, Broadway musicals, ballets, songs, film and theatre scores. He made pioneering efforts in music education, much of which is found in his extremely popular and influential work in television (most notably his Omnibus programs and Young People's Concerts ). His influence on others was extensive and his lasting work ranged from composer and conductor to pianist and scholar. Bernstein's philosophical and cultural reflections can be found in numerous lectures, essays, correspondences, and critical musical studies. (Some of these are in his popular texts: The Joy of Music, 1959; The Infinite Variety of Music , 1966, and Findings , 1982; while others, including many of his public lectures and television scripts and presentations, are only now being published and made readily available.) The principal text, however, ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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