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Bremond, Claude

PAULINNES


Subject Literature

DOI: 10.1111/b.9780631207535.1997.x


Extract

(1929-) French narratologist. Bremond interrogates the work of the Russian structuralist Vladimir P ropp on folktales. For Bremond the structuralist critic should pay attention to possible meanings other than those offered by the literary work. He theorizes that T exts contain points at which choices are made, the plot changes, or characters develop. By using the linguistics of S aussure , of differential relations, he sees these points as producing meaning through the very choices which are excluded. 1973 : Logique du récit . 1958 : Morphology of the Folktale . A term associated with Claude L éavi -S trauss , referring to the use of a roughly suited conceptual tool when no other means is available. In The Elementary Structures of Kinship , Lévi-Strauss (1969, pp. 2–4) defines “nature” as that which is universal, spontaneous, and not dependent on a particular culture or norm; and “C ulture ” as that which is dependent on a S ystem of socially regulating norms and which varies from one social structure to another. Nevertheless, having established this distinction between nature and culture, he proceeds to discuss incest prohibition, which appears to be both universal and natural, and normative and cultural. Although in a sense scandalously inadequate, the nature/culture distinction is nevertheless indispensable and its use an instance of bricolage . D errida escalates ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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