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Bataille, Georges


Subject Literature

DOI: 10.1111/b.9780631207535.1997.x


(1897–1962) Although his work as a novelist, philosopher, and theorist of A rt and C ulture is intimately related to the intellectual movements of the earlier part of this century, and especially French surrealism, Georges Bataille has exercised a powerful and continuing influence on much philosophy and C ultural THEORY during the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s, including the work of Jacques D errida , Michel F oucault , Jean B audrillard , Roland B arthes , and Julia K risteva in his native France, as well as critical and cultural theorists elsewhere. After an unpromising academic beginning, Bataille trained as a librarian at the Ecole des Chartes and in 1922 obtained a position at the Bibliothéque Nationale in Paris which he was to hold for 20 years until his resignation on grounds of ill-health in 1942. After meeting Michel Leiris in 1924, Bataille began an association with the surrealist movement. He was one of the founders in 1929 of Documents , a review devoted to subjects such as A rt , ethnography, and P sychoanalysis , to which he contributed a number of rather disturbing and obsessional essays. These aroused the wrath of André Breton, the official leader of Parisian surrealism, with whom Bataille was to be locked in bitter dispute through the early years of the 1930s. During this period, Bataille espoused an anti-Stalinist Marxism, which he expressed in his contributions ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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