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Warsaw Pact (1955)

Subject History

Period 1000 - 1999 » 1900-1999

DOI: 10.1111/b.9780631209379.1999.x


A military alliance of the USSR, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, the German Democratic Republic (GDR), Hungary, Poland and Romania. It was signed only nine days after the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) joined nato : it provided for defence against any armed attack in Europe and for non‐intervention in the affairs of member states, a proviso ignored in 1968 when Warsaw Pact forces invaded Czechoslovakia to bring to an end the prague spring . Its headquarters were in Moscow and its Supreme Commander was always a Russian. The Pact was a counter to NATO and enabled the Soviet Union to station Soviet troops in member states. In 1956 the Soviet Union crushed the hungarian rising to prevent Hungary leaving the Pact. Albania withdrew in 1968 and the GDR in August 1990, just before german reunification . The raison d'être of the Pact disappeared with the end of the cold war and the revolutions of 1989–91, which saw the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe. It was dissolved by its members in July 1991. The Warsaw Pact , ( 1971 ). ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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