Full Text

Eisenhower, Dwight David (1890–1969)

Subject History

Period 1000 - 1999 » 1900-1999

DOI: 10.1111/b.9780631209379.1999.x


American general and President of the United States (1953–61). The son of a railroad worker, he graduated at West Point and served under macarthur in Washington (1930–5) and in the Philippines (1936–8). After Pearl Harbor he worked in the Planning Division of the War Department, where he greatly impressed the Chief of Staff, George Marshall. A warm, humane and friendly man, he first became widely known as Allied Commander-in-Chief for the invasion of North Africa in November 1942. He remained Supreme Commander of Allied forces in the Mediterranean during the conquest of Sicily (May 1943) and in the invasion of Italy (September 1943), until he was recalled in January 1944 to plan the invasion of France. During this time he showed a remarkable ability in coordinating the activities and securing the cooperation of ambitious generals of disparate views and of different nationalities. ‘Ike’ was a great conciliator, tactful and sensitive, reluctant to dominate but prepared to exert his authority when it was necessary, as it sometimes was with Montgomery. He was an excellent administrator and planned the invasion of France on D-Day (6 June 1944) with meticulous care. At the end of the war he was in charge of US occupation forces in Germany until he replaced General Marshall as Army Chief of Staff in 1945. He was President of Columbia University from 1948–51 and took command of the newly ... log in or subscribe to read full text

Log In

You are not currently logged-in to Blackwell Reference Online

If your institution has a subscription, you can log in here:


     Forgotten your password?

Find out how to subscribe.

Your library does not have access to this title. Please contact your librarian to arrange access.

[ access key 0 : accessibility information including access key list ] [ access key 1 : home page ] [ access key 2 : skip navigation ] [ access key 6 : help ] [ access key 9 : contact us ] [ access key 0 : accessibility statement ]

Blackwell Publishing Home Page

Blackwell Reference Online ® is a Blackwell Publishing Inc. registered trademark
Technology partner: Semantico Ltd.

Blackwell Publishing and its licensors hold the copyright in all material held in Blackwell Reference Online. No material may be resold or published elsewhere without Blackwell Publishing's written consent, save as authorised by a licence with Blackwell Publishing or to the extent required by the applicable law.

Back to Top