Full Text


Subject History
Religion » Islam

Place Middle and Near East

Period 1000 - 1999 » 1900-1999

DOI: 10.1111/b.9780631209379.1999.x


Arabic ‘zeal’; acronym of Harakat al Muqawama al Islami , Movement of Islamic Resistance. Islamic organization in the occupied territories. Founded by Sheikh Ahmad Yasin and six other leaders of the muslim brotherhood soon after the intifada began in December 1987, it aimed to end the Israeli occupation of Gaza, the west bank and East Jerusalem and to form an Islamic state there. Its long-term aim was the creation of an Islamic state in the whole of Palestine (including Israel) which had been British mandated territory. Hamas was a popular movement which founded clinics and mosques and, with hizbullah, took the leading part in the Intifada. As it was a decentralized organization, it was little affected by the seizure and imprisonment of Yasin by the Israelis in 1989. Hamas received grants from Iran and also from the gulf states, after they stopped funding the plo for supporting Saddam hussein in the gulf war. It opposed the PLO's decision to take part in the Middle East peace process which began in 1991 and rejected the Oslo Accords of 1993. When the PLO set up the Palestinian Authority in the Gaza Strip in May 1994, with several Jewish settlements still existing there, Hamas intensified its opposition. It used suicide bombers on Israeli buses and in markets to disrupt the peace process and helped to bring about the fall of the Labour government under Shimon peres in 1996 by ... log in or subscribe to read full text

Log In

You are not currently logged-in to Blackwell Reference Online

If your institution has a subscription, you can log in here:


     Forgotten your password?

Find out how to subscribe.

Your library does not have access to this title. Please contact your librarian to arrange access.

[ access key 0 : accessibility information including access key list ] [ access key 1 : home page ] [ access key 2 : skip navigation ] [ access key 6 : help ] [ access key 9 : contact us ] [ access key 0 : accessibility statement ]

Blackwell Publishing Home Page

Blackwell Reference Online ® is a Blackwell Publishing Inc. registered trademark
Technology partner: Semantico Ltd.

Blackwell Publishing and its licensors hold the copyright in all material held in Blackwell Reference Online. No material may be resold or published elsewhere without Blackwell Publishing's written consent, save as authorised by a licence with Blackwell Publishing or to the extent required by the applicable law.

Back to Top