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Oṛiyā script

Subject Linguistics

DOI: 10.1111/b.9780631214816.1999.x


Like all other scripts developed on the Indian subcontinent, the Oṛiyā script is a syllabic alphabet. It is a member of the northern group of Brāhmī-derived scripts and an offshoot of the proto-Bengālī script. Its inner form bears close resemblance to the B engālī writing , although the curvilinear appearance of its outer form is reminiscent of southern Indian scripts, a feature which has been attributed to the fact that it was initially mostly written on palm leaves with a pointed stylus. Hence the vertical bar characteristic of Nāgarī and Bengālī has been transformed into a semicircle which appears at the top of most letters. V indication conforms to the usual Indian pattern: a full set of graphemes for independent Vs is supplemented by diacritic satellites to be added to C graphemes whenever a V other than the inherent a is to be indicated ( table 6 ). Syllables with final C are written by means of the V muting diacritic ( hasanta ), an oblique stroke placed at the right foot of the C grapheme. The anusvāra for nasalization is a small circle on the right shoulder of C graphemes. Oṛiyā is written on horizontal lines running from left to right. Table 6 The Oṛiyā syllabic alphabet See also I ndian writing systems . Reading Matson 1971; Masica 1991. ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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