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ABBREVIATIONS AND NOTATIONAL CONVENTIONS

W. Haas


Subject Linguistics

DOI: 10.1111/b.9780631214816.1999.00002.x


Extract

ce Common Era ; bce Before Common Era ; c consonant ; V vowel ; CV consonant-vowel syllable ; CA Classical Arabic ; Gk Greek ; Lat Latin ; IPA international phonetic alphabet ; c . about ; d . died ; lit. literally ; * prefixed to a word indicates a reconstructed form ; <> enclose graphemes ; [ ] narrow phonetic transcription ; // broad phonemic transcription Where sound values of graphic signs are known they are typically given in the conventional Roman transliteration system most widely used for the language in question, unless indicated otherwise. In many cases, however, especially regarding very ancient writings, transliteration conventions are only very vaguely associated with actual sound values. Where no square brackets or slashes are used, italicized alphabetic letters represent conventional transliterations rather than transcriptions, i.e. sound values. The art of writing is one of the ancient arts and crafts in which the science of language has its origin. ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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