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written norm

Subject Linguistics

DOI: 10.1111/b.9780631214816.1999.x


A term introduced by Josef Vachek and also used by other members of the Prague school of linguistics. It is intended to highlight the fact that a language system for which two modes of physical realization, speech and writing, coexist develops two different norms which cannot be simply reduced to one another. The longer a language is used in both speech and writing, the more its written norm develops properties which cannot be explained as derived from the spoken norm. As a language forms a literary tradition, its further evolution is characterized by a complex interaction between its spoken and written norms. See also G rammar ; L iteracy ; W ritten language . Reading Vachek 1973; Baum 1987. ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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