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Subject Linguistics

DOI: 10.1111/b.9780631214816.1999.x


[Lat. circumflexus ‘bent about’] A diacritic sign of the form <˜> or <^>, originally used in Greek to mark long vowels with a rising-falling pitch. In Latin the circumflex was sometimes used to indicate contraction. In Germanic languages such as Old High German it marked long vowels. It was introduced into French as a mark of the long open vowel [ɛ] resulting from contraction, as in bête from beste , but also the closed vowel [o], as in rôle . See also accent ; diacritic . ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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