Full Text

grave accent


Subject Linguistics

DOI: 10.1111/b.9780631214816.1999.x


Extract

The accent mark <`> is used in the orthographies of several alphabetically written languages as a diacritic to mark pitch accent, stress or tone, to distinguish sound values and, occasionally, to differentiate words. In ancient Greek, presumably the origin of this and other accent marks, the grave indicated low pitch. In modern languages it is more frequently used to distinguish manner of articulation. For example, in french spelling it indicates an open articulation of <e>, as in père [pɛ:r]. Italian spelling (I talian alphabet ) uses the grave accent whenever a word of more than one syllable stresses the final vowel, as in città . Semantic discrimination is also sometimes achieved, as for example e ‘and’ vs è ‘is’. In the alphabetic orthography of Chinese, pinyin , the grave serves as a tone marker for the fourth, falling tone. This latter usage coincides with the recommendations of the IPA to use the grave as a transcription for a high falling tone. See also accent . ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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