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Georgian alphabet

Subject Linguistics

DOI: 10.1111/b.9780631214816.1999.x


The creation of the Georgian alphabet in the fifth century ce is attributed to mesroĢ£p , an Armenian court secretary and missionary. The Chutsuri or Xutsuri script of 38 letters was primarily employed in ecclesiastical writing and is no longer in use. It was replaced by the Mkhedruli (secular) script which is still used today. The origin of the latter is uncertain. Some scholars describe it as having evolved from a cursive form of the Chutsuri script, but according to others it pre-dates the church script. The order of the letters betrays Greek influence, but like the Armenian script some letters of the Mkhedruli alphabet also point to a connection with northern Iranian scripts of the Arsakidian period, i.e. early forms of the pahlavi script . In its modern form the Mkhedruli alphabet has 33 letters. In Old Georgian another five symbols were in use ( table 1 ). The modern orthography is largely phonetic, approximating a one-to-one mapping relation between phonemes and graphemes. Reading Aronson 1982. ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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