Full Text

washback effect


Subject Linguistics

DOI: 10.1111/b.9780631214823.1999.x


Also known as backwash, this is the effect (positive or negative) of testing on teaching. Influence may be beneficial, for example, when a test leads to improvement of syllabus and teaching. Negative backwash may occur when the test inadequately reflects course objectives, but exerts an influence on what is taught. (See language testing .) ( 1993 ). Does wash-back exist ? Applied Linguistics , 14/2 , 115 – 29 . ( 1995 ). The backwash effect: from testing to teaching . English Language Teaching Journal , 49/1 , 13 – 25 . ... log in or subscribe to read full text

Log In

You are not currently logged-in to Blackwell Reference Online

If your institution has a subscription, you can log in here:


     Forgotten your password?

Find out how to subscribe.

Your library does not have access to this title. Please contact your librarian to arrange access.

[ access key 0 : accessibility information including access key list ] [ access key 1 : home page ] [ access key 2 : skip navigation ] [ access key 6 : help ] [ access key 9 : contact us ] [ access key 0 : accessibility statement ]

Blackwell Publishing Home Page

Blackwell Reference Online ® is a Blackwell Publishing Inc. registered trademark
Technology partner: Semantico Ltd.

Blackwell Publishing and its licensors hold the copyright in all material held in Blackwell Reference Online. No material may be resold or published elsewhere without Blackwell Publishing's written consent, save as authorised by a licence with Blackwell Publishing or to the extent required by the applicable law.

Back to Top