Full Text

9. Relative Contributions of Families and Peers to Children's Social Development

Ross D. Parke, Sandra D. Simpkins, David J. McDowell, Mina Kim, Colleen Killian, Jessica Dennis, Mary L. Flyr, Margaret Wild and Yumee Rah

Subject Psychology

DOI: 10.1111/b.9780631217534.2004.00012.x


Families have traditionally been viewed as the major socialization agency for the development of children's social behavior. Under the influence of Freudian theory and subsequently Bowlby's fusion of psychoanalytic and ethological approaches, the mother-child relationship has remained a prominent cornerstone of children's social development. In recent decades, our views of the socialization process have changed in a variety of ways. First, our limited view of the mother-child dyad as central to the socialization process has been replaced by a recognition of the family as a social system in which fathers, siblings, and the marital relationship are all viewed as playing important roles in children's social development ( Parke & Buriel, 1998 ). Second, it is increasingly recognized that socialization is a multifaceted process which includes a variety of influential agents beyond the family, such as extended families, adult mentors, formal and informal support systems, and children's peers and friends. Of particular interest is the role of families and peers in the socialization matrix. Several views concerning the relative importance of family and peers as well as the degree of linkage between these two social systems have been suggested over the last several decades. As Hartup (1979) has noted in his classic formulation, children's relationships with peers are viewed as either ... log in or subscribe to read full text

Log In

You are not currently logged-in to Blackwell Reference Online

If your institution has a subscription, you can log in here:


     Forgotten your password?

Find out how to subscribe.

Your library does not have access to this title. Please contact your librarian to arrange access.

[ access key 0 : accessibility information including access key list ] [ access key 1 : home page ] [ access key 2 : skip navigation ] [ access key 6 : help ] [ access key 9 : contact us ] [ access key 0 : accessibility statement ]

Blackwell Publishing Home Page

Blackwell Reference Online ® is a Blackwell Publishing Inc. registered trademark
Technology partner: Semantico Ltd.

Blackwell Publishing and its licensors hold the copyright in all material held in Blackwell Reference Online. No material may be resold or published elsewhere without Blackwell Publishing's written consent, save as authorised by a licence with Blackwell Publishing or to the extent required by the applicable law.

Back to Top