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33. Hegel


Subject Philosophy

People Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich

DOI: 10.1111/b.9780631219088.2002.00038.x


Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770–1831) was born in Stuttgart, Germany, in 1770. He trained as a theologian at the Tübingen theological seminary, where his room-mates were Hölderlin (1770–1843) and Schelling (1775–1854), and throughout his life he remained a devout Lutheran. After a period as a house-tutor in Bern (1793–7) and Frankfurt (1797–1800), he began to lecture, in 1801, at the University of Jena, where Schelling was already professor of philosophy; here he published his first book, on the Difference between Fichte's and Schelling's System of Philosophy ( sHegel 1977a ), and co-edited with Schelling The Critical Journal of Philosophy (published 1802–4). Napoleon's victory at Jena in 1806 interrupted Hegel's career and in 1807 he became editor of a Napoleonic newspaper in Bamberg in Bavaria. His first major work, the Phenomenology of Spirit ( Hegel 1977b ), was completed in 1806 and published in 1807. In 1808 he became rector of a high school in Nuremberg, where he married Marie von Tucher in 1811 and published the Science of Logic ( Hegel 1969 ) in three parts between 1812 and 1816. In 1816 he became a professor at Heidelberg and in 1817 published his Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Sciences ( Hegel 1991a ), which was originally intended as a bare outline to accompany his lectures but was greatly expanded in further editions in 1827 and 1830. From 1818 until ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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