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Camunic

STEFAN SCHUMACHER


Subject History

DOI: 10.1111/b.9780631220398.2000.x


Extract

A language of unknown affiliation, attested in some 70 inscriptions found in the Valcamonica, an Alpine valley in the province of Brescia in NW Italy. Only a few have been found outside the Valcamonica. As most of the inscriptions are carved on rocks in the Valcamonica, they can be found in situ , e.g. in the Parco nazionale delle iscrizioni rupestri at Naquane, while rich documentation as well as information on the archaeological background can be obtained at the Centro camuno di studi preistorici at Capodiponte. The alphabet of the inscriptions is a modified * Etruscan alphabet, the so-called Sondrio alphabet. The inscriptions date back to the second half of the first millennium BC. Since they are very short, little can be said about their contents. As for the character of the language documented by them, it is possible but not certain that Camunic is related to Etruscan and * Raetic . Nevertheless, one can justifiably speak of a Camunic language. The Valcamonica still continues the name of the tribe of the Camunni, who are mentioned several times by Greek and Roman historians as inhabitants of that area. Thus, there can be no doubt that the Valcamonica inscriptions are texts in the language of the Camunni. 1981 . Le iscrizioni della Valcamonica (‘The Valcamonica Inscriptions’) . Urbino . 1965 . Per una edizione delle iscrizioni della Val Camonica (‘Towards an edition ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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