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Florence, Council of


Subject Religion » Christianity

DOI: 10.1111/b.9780631232032.2001.x


(1438–49) The Second Council of lyons failed to reunite the Greek and Latin churches, but throughout the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries the Byzantine emperors several times renewed contact with the papacy. The Great Schism (1378–1417), when two, then three rivals competed for the throne of Peter, effectively ended with the election of Martin V (1417–31) at the Council of Constance (1414–18), at which the issue of reunion with the East was also raised. In accordance with the decrees of Constance, Martin summoned another council to meet in Basel, to continue the work of reform, but died before it met in June 1431. His successor Eugene IV (1431–47) dissolved it. Basel, however, refused to be dissolved, and Emperor Sigismund (1410–37) persuaded Eugene to withdraw his bull of dissolution. Basel continued on the path of reform, reunion with the East also on its agenda. Martin V had already opened discussion of a council with constantinople . The Council of Basel and Eugene IV now sent separate emissaries to Constantinople. Emperor John VIII (1421–48) accepted the pope's proposals, and in 1437 set out for Italy with the frail Patriarch Joseph II (1416–39) and a substantial entourage, among them gemistos plethon , the learned George Scholarios (one of the few Byzantines at home in Latin) and the bishops Mark of Ephesus and bessarion of Nicea. The other ancient patriarchates were ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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