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patriarchate of the East


Subject Religion » Christianity

DOI: 10.1111/b.9780631232032.2001.x


The title church of the east has become commonplace in modern times as a more appropriate term for that branch of syriac -speaking Christianity, mostly within the Sasanian Persian sphere (including much of Mesopotamia), which through a series of canonical steps made itself an autocephalous church in the fifth century. It was in the past frequently called the ASSYRIAN church or the nestorian church. This last title, which is polemical, associates the Persian church with the disputes surrounding Nestorius, bishop of Constantinople, his mentor Theodore of Mopsuestia and their dyophysite christology. Before declaring itself independent of the patriarchate of antioch in 424, the Church of the East was ruled by a catholicos , the metropolitan of Seleucia-Ctesiphon (south of Baghdad); by the end of the fifth century the title patriarch came into use. ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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