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Philoxenus of Mabbug


Subject Religion » Christianity

DOI: 10.1111/b.9780631232032.2001.x


Philoxenus or Aksnāyā ( c .440–523), born in Persia, studied in the Persian School of edessa under ibas , but reacted against its prevailing ‘Nestorianism’ and became a fervent monophysite . In the context of the Christological disputes in Syria, Philoxenus successively was expelled by the chalcedonian patriarch of antioch , then appointed bishop of Mabbug (modern Membij, ancient Hierapolis) in 485 by peter the fuller and finally deprived of his see as a result of Justinian's imposition of Chalcedonian doctrine in 519–21. Philoxenus went to Thrace, then Paphlagonia, where he died. As bishop of Mabbug, Philoxenus campaigned for the closure of the ‘ nestorian ’ School of Edessa (closed 489) and the removal of Flavian, patriarch of Antioch (498–512), who was replaced by the monophysite severus . Philoxenus' extensive writings, many, despite his political activities, completely uncontroversial, include a Commentary on the Prologue of John and dogmatic tractates on the Trinity and Incarnation. A series of Discourses and various letters giving spiritual advice to new monks display a deep, biblical spirituality with baptism in a pivotal role. His concern with the BIBLE text is also reflected in his sponsoring c .508 of a new Syriac translation of the New Testament, the Philoxenian Version. ( 1987 ), The Syriac Fathers on Prayer and the Spiritual Life . Kalamazoo : Cistercian ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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