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Theophan the Greek (Theophanes/Feofan)


Subject Religion » Christianity

DOI: 10.1111/b.9780631232032.2001.x


(1330–1408) Fresco- and icon-painter who worked in northern Russia. His wall paintings survive only in the Transfiguration Church of novgorod , completed 1378. Theophan's expressionistic style is distinguished by white highlighting, restricted use of colour (red and brown) and a disregard for detail. His paintings have great pyschological intensity, capturing the spiritual essence of individual figures. His style resembles that of the unknown painter of volotovo pole , but his is a firmer hand and his orientation Byzantine. His treatment of light has affinities with Domenikos Theotokopoulos (1541–1614), El Greco. Epiphanios the Wise, biographer of sergius of radonezh and stephen of perm , who was also a painter, praised his architectural draughtsmanship and portraiture skills in a letter (1415). We learn that he painted from inspiration rather than copying prototypes and that he had worked in Constantinople and the Crimea. Andrei rublev worked with him in moscow in 1405 on the interior of the Kremlin cathedral of the Annunciation. Unfortunately these paintings were destroyed when the Kremlin cathedrals were rebuilt in the late fifteenth century. ( 1983 ), The Art and Architecture of Russia . Harmondsworth : Penguin . ( 1981 ), Byzantium and the Rise of Russia: A Study of Byzantino-Russian Relations in the Fourteenth Century . Cambridge : Cambridge University Press ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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