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job involvement

Eugene F. Stone‐Romero


Job involvement is an attitude toward the work role and its context. Conceptual definitions of job involvement have been of two basic types (see, e.g., Lodahl and Kejner, 1965 ; Rabinowitz and Hall, 1977 ). One regards it as reflecting the degree to which a person's sense of esteem is affected by job performance . The other views it as the centrality of work and the job context to the individual's self‐image. Unfortunately, however, there are many other views on the nature of the job involvement construct and there is currently no consensus on the most appropriate measure of this construct ( Rabinowitz and Hall, 1977 ). Moreover, as is true of the conceptual definitions of many constructs, popular definitions of job involvement tend to confuse it with its antecedents (e.g., work values) and consequences (e.g., performance‐based esteem changes; Stone‐Romero, 1994 ). Researchers and theorists have equated job involvement, directly or indirectly, with such constructs as work centrality, employee morale , intrinsic motivation, job satisfaction , and the Protestant work ethic ( Rabinowitz and Hall, 1977 ). However, Paullay, Alliger, and Stone‐Romero (1994) argued that job involvement differs from both the Protestant work ethic and work centrality. The Protestant work ethic is a value orientation that has several components, including the normative belief that individuals should ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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