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job element method of job analysis

Ronald A. Ash


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The job element method of job analysis focuses on the human attributes necessary for superior performance on the job. This approach can be contrasted with other job analysis procedures in that it bypasses the task information or descriptions of the work itself, and goes directly to job elements. Elements cover the entire range of job behaviors, intellectual behaviors, motor behaviors, and work habits, and may be called knowledge, skills, abilities, and other personal characteristics ( ksaos ; Primoff and Eyde, 1988 ). The same element may cut across different tasks and different jobs. The significant elements in a job are identified, described, and evaluated by experienced and expert workers in an occupation and their supervisors, typically referred to as subject matter experts (SMEs). The job element method was originally developed by Ernest Primoff of the US Civil Service Commission (now called the Office of Personnel Management), and since its development has been used in a variety of settings for developing job information used in recruiting , personnel selection , promotion , performance appraisal , and training . Specific procedures and rating scales used in the job element method of job analysis are described in Primoff (1975) and Primoff and Eyde (1988) . ( 1975 ). How to Prepare and Conduct Job Element Examinations: Technical Study 75‐1, US Civil Service ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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