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Civil Rights Act of 1871

Christine Neylon O'Brien


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This Reconstruction‐era law ( Sedmak and Vidas, 1994 ) provides relief for individuals who have been deprived of constitutional or federal statutory rights by a state or local government official ( Estreicher and Harper, 1990 ). Such lawsuits are often referred to as section 1983 cases because section 1 of the 1871 statute is codified as section 1983 of Title 42 of the United States Code. Passage of the statute followed ratification of the Fourteenth Constitutional Amendment in 1868, and state action or involvement in the challenged practices is required ( Schlei and Grossman, 1983 ). The bases for discrimination that are actionable under section 1983 are broader than those prohibited under section 1981, the Civil Rights Act of 1866. ( 1990 ). The Law Governing the Employment Relationship . St. Paul, MN : West Publishing . ( 1983 ). Employment Discrimination Law . Washington, DC : Bureau of National Affairs . ( 1994 ). Primer on Equal Employment Opportunity . Washington, DC : Bureau of National Affairs . ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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