Full Text

cognitive process models of performance appraisal

Jack Feldman


Extract

Cognitive models of performance appraisal assume that human judgment is necessary to the appraisal process; that job performance cannot be completely specified in terms of observable behaviors or countable products ( see criterion problem ). Judgment is necessary to assess the degree to which people's activities have contributed to organizational/professional goals (see Feldman, 1986, 1994 ). Performance appraisal judgments result from any of several alternative cognitive processes, carried out under particular circumstances by people of particular abilities, dispositions, and motives. Appraisal models must explain how judgments may be accurate, as well as how specific kinds of inaccuracy, invalidity, and unreliability occur, using the same set of process assumptions ( Feldman, 1981, 1994 ). The problem is like that of developing a conceptual model of an automobile: one must simultaneously consider all of the systems and functions as related to its intended purpose and real‐world constraints. Models of subcomponents (e.g., engines, suspensions) are necessary but insufficient. Existing appraisal models approach this ideal to varying degrees. Performance appraisal models are based on theories of six cognitive processes. These processes and their contribution to appraisal judgments must be understood in order to appreciate the unique contributions of each to an overall model. ... log in or subscribe to read full text

Log In

You are not currently logged-in to Blackwell Reference Online

If your institution has a subscription, you can log in here:

 

     Forgotten your password?

Find out how to subscribe.

Your library does not have access to this title. Please contact your librarian to arrange access.


[ access key 0 : accessibility information including access key list ] [ access key 1 : home page ] [ access key 2 : skip navigation ] [ access key 6 : help ] [ access key 9 : contact us ] [ access key 0 : accessibility statement ]

Blackwell Publishing Home Page

Blackwell Reference Online ® is a Blackwell Publishing Inc. registered trademark
Technology partner: Semantico Ltd.

Blackwell Publishing and its licensors hold the copyright in all material held in Blackwell Reference Online. No material may be resold or published elsewhere without Blackwell Publishing's written consent, save as authorised by a licence with Blackwell Publishing or to the extent required by the applicable law.

Back to Top