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composite and multiple criteria

James T. Austin


Composite and multiple criteria are choices concerning a set of criterion measures. Should a single weighted composite or the diverse set be utilized? Given an increasingly large domain of job performance measures, this subject has been widely considered ( Brogden and Taylor, 1950 ; Sparks, 1970 ; Srinivasan, Shocker, and Weinstein, 1973 ). One practical implication is weighting, because a composite requires combination of the elements, whether statistically, monetarily, or judgmentally. Schmidt and Kaplan (1971) reviewed the controversy, identified test validation and validation research, and concluded that the choice depended upon the purposes of the investigator. Practical purposes require composites, whereas research purposes require multiple criteria. Nonetheless, counter‐examples to this rule are possible, as in developmental counseling of subordinates, and thus there are good reasons to develop both systems simultaneously. ( 1950 ). The dollar criterion: Applying the cost accounting concept to criterion construction . Personnel Psychology , 3 , 133 – 54 . ( 1971 ). Composite versus multiple criteria: A review and resolution of the controversy . Personnel Psychology , 24 , 419 – 34 . ( 1970 ). Validity of psychological tests . Personnel Psychology , 23 , 39 – 46 . ( 1973 ). Measurement of a composite criterion of managerial success . Organizational ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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