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concurrent validity

Chester A. Schriesheim


Concurrent validity is one of two subdomains of criterion‐related validity , the other being predictive validity . Concurrent validation procedures assess the degree to which scores on an instrument (the predictor) are statistically associated with values obtained by a theoretically appropriate outcome measure (the criterion), when both are measured at approximately the same point in time (i.e., concurrently). Evidence of concurrent validity is particularly appropriate when the purpose of applying an instrument is to diagnose or determine an existing status or situation (rather than to predict future outcomes). For example, correlating an instrument measuring attitudes toward customers with observations of employee–customer interactions collected over a short time period (close to the administration of the instrument) provides concurrent validity evidence on that instrument (and may allow it to substitute for observing employee–customer interactions in certain circumstances). Another appropriate use of concurrent validation is when a network of concurrent relationships is required as evidence for the construct validation process (see the description of this process under construct validity ). A less appropriate use of concurrent validation is as a short‐term substitute for predictive validation. For example, when a selection test is developed to predict the performance of job ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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