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criterion‐related validity

Chester A. Schriesheim


Criterion‐related validity refers to empirical evidence which supports a particular interpretation about an instrument's (test, questionnaire, etc.) score. Criterion‐related validity is one of three traditional lines of validity evidence, the other two being content validity and construct validity ( American Educational Research Association et al., 1999 ). Criterion‐related validity is a judgment that is based upon quantitative data, and it has two subdomains, termed concurrent validity and predictive validity . The salience of concurrent and predictive validity for assessments of criterion‐related validity depends upon the particular instrument and interpretation involved (see the entries under concurrent and predictive validity for further details). Criterion‐related validation procedures assess the degree to which scores on an instrument (the predictor) are statistically associated with values obtained by a theoretically appropriate outcome measure (the criterion). Statistical procedures commonly employed in criterion‐related validity studies include simple and multiple correlation and regression, although other data‐analytic methods (such as canonical correlation) may be equally or more appropriate under some circumstances. Judgments about an instrument's criterion‐related validity hinge upon the quality and appropriateness of the criteria employed, as well as upon the ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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