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justificationism


Subject Philosophy

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405106795.2004.x


Extract

P hilosophy of science Popper divided philosophy into two main groups. One proposes justificationism, which holds that science is the quest for justification , certainty , or probability . These philosophers also support verificationism , which identifies knowledge with verified or proven knowledge. A belief is acceptable only if it can be confirmed or verified by positive observation and experience and past evidence renders future happenings probable. Popper criticized this position as unscientific and proposed a rival program of falsificationism , which claims that the rationality of science does not seek justification or verification, but seeks to test theories through attempted refutation . We can never establish certainty for a theory, and only theories which are falsifiable are scientific. β€œThe members of the first group – the verificationists or justificationists – hold, roughly speaking, that whatever cannot be supported by positive reasons is unworthy of being believed, or even of being taken into consideration.” Popper, Conjectures and Refutations ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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