Full Text

objectivity


Subject Philosophy

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405106795.2004.x


Extract

M etaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of science, philosophy of history, ethics Belonging to objects and not to ourselves as subjects; also, beliefs or perceptions that are not limited or distorted by the bias or partiality. Objectivity can be contrasted with subjectivity and with a lack of objectivity. We can be objective in determining beliefs, and our judgments themselves can be objective. In spite of the dangers, we often use our assessment of the person judging to guide our determination of the objectivity of the judgment. A commitment to objectivity is a general mark of intellectual integrity , according to which one respects the virtue of truth and seeks valid and unbiased theories, explanations, and judgments. A theory or judgment is objective if it corresponds to external facts or can be determined to be true or false by rational menas. Sometimes these two senses are related because a theory can be rationally judged as conforming or nor conforming to facts, but more often a theory is abstract and idealized and does not correspond directly or sensibly to any facts. In this case, a theory is regarded as objective if it can be justified rationally, with agreement available or expected from all reasonable persons. The primary task of a theory should be to explain the sort of objectivity that is possible for it and to state the conditions that would justify ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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