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Subject Philosophy

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405106795.2004.x


M etaphysics, epistemology, ethics, aesthetics The contrast between objectivism and subjectivism is a central and recurring feature of philosophy. Objectivist theories claim that truth and falsity are determined by external objects and their relations independent of our minds , while subjectivist theories claim that truth and falsity are relative to our minds. The contrast between these two positions is presented differently in different areas of philosophy. Objectivist metaphysics claims that the external world exists without regard to our minds, while subjectivist metaphysics claims that the world exists only insofar as it exists for us. Objectivist epistemology holds that the source and validity of knowledge are derived from external objects, while subjectivist epistemology claims that the source and validity of knowledge are derived primarily from our sensibility and our ability to form conceptions . Both naturalist and anti-naturalist varieties of Objectivist ethics suggest that ethical properties and values exist independent of our belief and desires, while subjectivist ethics proposes that moral judgments cannot be judged true or false according to an objective standard, but are rather the expression of our emotions or feelings. Objectivist aesthetics holds that aesthetic properties are inherent in things, while subjectivist aesthetics claims that ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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