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Subject Philosophy

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405106795.2004.x


E thics Consequentialism is generally divided into act-consequentialism and rule-consequentialism . Act-consequentialism holds that an action is right if it produces a better consequence than alternative actions available to the agent. Rule-consequentialism, on the other hand, claims that the rightness of an action depends not on its direct consequences but on whether it conforms to a set of rules that lead to better consequences than other alternative rules. Act- utilitarianism is the most typical and familiar form of act-consequentialism. But there are also other forms of act-consequentialism that hold that pleasure or happiness are not the only factors by which we assess the goodness of the consequences. Like act-utilitarianism, act-consequentialism is criticized for considering all things from an impersonal standpoint. “Different act-consequentialist theories incorporate different conceptions of the overall good … but all such theories share the same conception of the right which requires each agent in all cases to produce the best available outcome overall.” Scheffler, The Rejection of Consequentialism ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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